Why is Food Poisoning a Serious Health Issue?

October 31st, 2014

Food poisoning is a serious health issue and can be prevented when following proper guidelines for food handling.

Guidelines are created for food industry workers to follow to prevent food borne illnesses.

Proper Handling of Foods is Important for Preventing Food Poisoning. In most cases, proper handling of foods prevents food poisoning. Food poisoning occurs when contaminated food is eaten.

Foods which contain infectious organisms are the main cause of food poisoning. The organisms can include bacteria, parasites, and viruses.

Why is Pneumonia a Serious Health Condition?

October 30th, 2014

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases.

Typical symptoms include: a cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing.

Diagnostic tools include x-rays and culture of the sputum. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Pneumonia presumed to be bacterial is treated with antibiotics. If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is, in general, admitted to hospital.

What are the Various Types of MRSA?

October 29th, 2014

Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus‘ bacteria, also known as staph infection, are a highly transmittable strain of staph infection. The root of it’s name can be traced from the fact that it shows strong repulsiveness towards anti-biotic treatments, and hence it got the name ‘Methicillin Resistant.’

Whereas, ‘Staph Aureus’ got added to the name of the infection owing to the fact that Staphylococcus aureus, or simply, staph bacteria resides on the skin or inside the nose of the infected person.

What are the Health Risks Linked to Obesity?

October 28th, 2014

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.

In Western countries, people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height, exceeds 30 kg/m2, with the range 25-30 kg/m2 defined as overweight.

How is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?

October 27th, 2014

To receive an accurate fibromyalgia diagnosis takes the average person five years because the symptoms of fibromyalgia are similar with other conditions. Unfortunately there are no laboratory tests that can help to diagnose this chronic condition.

Sometimes fibromyalgia diagnosis can be similar to other diseases like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. For an accurate fibromyalgia diagnosis your doctor will analyze the characteristic features of the condition.

If any of the following associated symptoms are present a diagnosis of fibromyalgia may be given: chronic headaches, sleep disorder, cognitive or memory impairment, jaw pain, fatigue, muscle pain, skin and chemical sensitivities, menstrual cramping, morning stiffness, numbness and tingling sensations, constipation and dizziness.

Why are Muscle Cramps so Painful?

October 26th, 2014

A cramp is a sudden, severe, and involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause mild-to-excruciating pain, and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle(s).

Onset is usually sudden, and it resolves on its own over a period of several seconds, minutes, or hours.

There are two major categories of cramps:

causes of skeletal muscle cramps include muscle fatigue, and/or a lack of electrolytes (e.g., low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium).

Cramps of smooth muscle tissue may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.

Differential diagnosis

What are the Four Types of Diabetes?

October 25th, 2014

Results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that unlocks the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them.

It is estimated that 5-10 % of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.

Having type 1 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications.

Some complications of type 1 diabetes include: heart disease (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney damage (nephropathy).

Type 2 diabetes

Results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

What is Lyme Disease and Why is it so Dangerous?

October 24th, 2014

Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) is an infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.

Early symptoms may include fever, headache, and fatigue. A rash occurs in 70–80% of infected persons at the site of the tick bite after a delay of 3–30 days (average is about 7 days), and may or may not appear as the well-publicized bull’s-eye (erythema migrans).

The rash is only rarely painful or itchy, although it may be warm to the touch. About 20–30% of infected persons do not experience a rash. Left untreated, later symptoms may involve the joints, heart, and central nervous system. In most cases, the infection and its symptoms are eliminated by antibiotics, especially if the illness is treated early.

What are the Early Signs of Dementia?

October 23rd, 2014

The first of the three stages of dementia may present with memory problems that the individual is able to hide. Other signs of dementia may exhibit as depression, lack of interest or initiative in some individuals, or in other words the inability to carry out plans.

Still others may begin to have some personality changes and begin to have difficulty with expressing emotions.

An inability to find the right word in conversations, resulting in halted speech and incomplete thoughts is something we all deal with from time to time. In people with early and moderate dementia, this becomes a normal form of conservation with them making it hard to communicate well and carry on a mutually satisfying communication.

How Serious is Kidney Cancer?

October 22nd, 2014

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney.

The two most common types of kidney cancer are renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the renal pelvis. These names reflect the type of cell from which the cancer developed.

The different types of kidney cancer (such as RCC and UCC) develop in different ways, meaning that the diseases have different long term outcomes, and need to be staged and treated in different ways. RCC is responsible for approximately 80% of primary renal cancers, and UCC accounts the majority of the remainder.

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